SMC Nephrology Centre, we treat over many cases each year. Our experienced team of specialists provide care across all nephrology treatment categories, ranging from commonly faced disorders like kidney stones to extreme medical cases like kidney failure.
What is the first step?
At our Nephrology Centre, the diagnosis of nephrological disorders begins with a physical examination and medical history, followed by specific tests such as:
Urinalysis – A sample of urine is examined for possible kidney problems, which may be suggested by the presence of various substances such as blood, protein, pus cells or cancer cells
Blood tests – Basic blood tests are used to test for concentration of haemoglobin, platelets, sodium, potassium, chloride, bicarbonate, urea, creatinine, calcium, magnesium, or phosphate in the blood (all these substances may be affected by a kidney disorder or an underlying systemic issue affecting kidneys)
Imaging tests – Tests such as ultrasonography, ultrasound, CT scan, MRI scan, angiography or scintigraphy are used to identify structural abnormalities of the kidneys.
Biopsy – For a definitive diagnosis, a biopsy of the kidney may be prescribed; a core biopsy needle is inserted into the kidney to draw a small sample of kidney tissue which is then analysed for any changes occurring within the kidney or in response to a treatment